Many small business owners can save money through bartering to get products or services they need. This can be a great practice for a growing small business if done right, and business owners use the fair market value of property or services received through barter, and report it as taxable income.
First, though, let’s have a little review. Bartering is the trading of one product or service for another, usually there is no exchange of cash. However, the fair market value of the goods and services exchanged must be reported as income by both parties.
Here are four facts you need to know before getting into a bartering arrangement:
1. Utilize organized barter exchanges: A barter exchange functions primarily as the organizer of a marketplace where members buy and sell products and services among themselves. Whether this activity operates out of a physical office or is internet-based, a barter exchange is generally required to issue Form 1099-B, Proceeds from Broker and Barter Exchange Transactions , annually to their clients or members and to the IRS.
2. Barter income: Barter dollars or trade dollars are identical to real dollars for tax reporting purposes. If you conduct any direct barter, barter for another’s products or services, you must report the fair market value of the products or services you received on your tax return.
3. Tax implications of bartering: Income from bartering is taxable in the year it is performed. Bartering may result in liabilities for income tax, self-employment tax, employment tax or excise tax. Your barter activities may result in ordinary business income, capital gains or capital losses, or you may have a nondeductible personal loss.
4. How to report: The rules for reporting barter transactions may vary depending on which form of bartering takes place. Generally, you report this type of business income on Form 1040, Schedule C Profit or Loss from Business, or other business returns such as Form 1065 for Partnerships, Form 1120 for Corporations or Form 1120-S for Small Business Corporations.
Growing small businesses can use bartering to their advantage when they do not have enough cash flow to pay for products or services that they need. Sometimes bartering may be a more practical way of obtaining the services of others rather than using or extending credit. For more information on how to account for or report bartering income on your income tax return, please give us a call .